Posts Tagged ‘chinese bread’


Cheese Sugar Pai Pau 乳酪白糖排包

I haven’t made 排包 ‘pai pau’ (bread rows) for a very long time. I miss that buttery soft pai pau from Kee Wah Bakery… Hmm, with only two tiny slices of whole wheat bread left on the counter, it’s time to make some more bread!~ Pai pau it is! Little did I realize that my previous pai pau recipes require dough starter which I didn’t have extra time to make… So I used a couple recipes as guideline and create this pai pau recipe that doesn’t use dough starter. Oh, and I always love Parmesan/Asiago cheese and sugar topping, so why not use it here to clean up my leftover cheese.

The taste: Well, bread made with or without a dough starter does make a difference, at least with this pai pau. Since I didn’t use any dough starter this time, my pai pau was a little dry the second day (I didn’t try it fresh on the baking day). I warmed it up a bit in microwave then the bread was soft again, but when it cools it gets drier and a little more dense. Oh well… as long as I have the crusty sugar cheesy topping, it’s fine with me 😉

Cheese Sugar Pai Pau 乳酪白糖排包 Recipe (makes 10 rows)

7/8 cup (210ml) milk– see note below
1 egg– beaten
3 1/3 cups bread flour– see note below
1 1/2 tsp dry yeast
5 tbsp sugar
2 1/2 tbsp grated fresh Parmesan cheese
2 tbsp milk powder
1 tsp salt
4 tbsp unsalted butter– cut into pieces

1 beaten egg for egg wash

grated fresh Parmesan cheese (about 1 tbsp for each bread row)
sugar (about 1/2 tbsp for each bread row)

Method (using Zojirushi bread maker):

  1. Add milk and beaten egg to the bottom of bread maker loaf pan, followed by bread flour, ensuring covering all the liquid. Make a indentation in the center and add dry yeast to the indentation. Place sugar, cheese, milk powder, salt and butter in different corners (salt and sugar at opposite side). Select “Dough” course and press “Start”. When the machine starts kneading, check on the dough by touching– if it looks a bit dry and crumbly, add 1 tbsp of milk. If it’s too wet add 1 tbsp bread flour.
  2. When the course finishes, remove dough from loaf pan and place in a large bowl, covered with plastic wrap and rest in a warm place until double in size.
  3. Punch out the air and kneed to a log shape. Cut into 10 pieces, roll each piece of dough into a oblong shape, sprinkle some sugar (optional) and roll up lengthwise likes jelly roll. Pinch to seal the end. Place bread dough in a greased deep dish rectangle baking pan, slight apart from each other. Cover with plastic wrap and rest until they are double in height.
  4. Preheat oven to 350°F.
  5. Apply egg wash on top of the bread, then sprinkle some Parmesan cheese, followed by sugar (sugar helps preventing the cheese from getting burnt).
  6. Bake for 25 minutes, until the top is golden brown. Remove pai pau from the pan and cool completely on a rack.

Regina’s Note:

  • Milk: Weather and different batch of bread flour affect the amount of liquid used. When the machine starts kneading, check the dough by touching: if it’s a bit dry/dense/crumbly, add 1 more tbsp milk. It it’s too wet/sticky, add 1 more tbsp bread flour.
  • Measuring bread flour: the best and most accurate way is to measure by weight. If you measure by volume, be sure to scoop loosen flour into measurement cup (make a heap), then scrap off the extras with the back of a knife.
  • Cheese sugar topping: I baked 25 minutes but tips of pai pau are still pale so I baked for another 2 minutes, but the cheese sprinkles become too brown. So it’s better to stick with 25-26 minutes, or apply egg wash and the toppings half way through baking?…

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This is my pai pau 排包 (translated as rows of bread) trial #2 with a different recipe. I got the recipe from Do What I Like. Just like my pai pau #1, this recipe uses bread starter too. While the starter for my pai pau #1 is more of a paste like and pretty quick to make; the starter in this recipe, on the other hand is more like a sticky doug. Since there is yeast in the starter so it takes a lot longer (it takes at least 2 hours) for the dough to be “fermented” in order for use. The original recipe calls for 1 1/2 cup of bread flour and uses only 1 egg yolk, but I used one whole egg because I don’t want to have any egg white leftover. I am thinking it might be because of the addition of egg white, my dough was very wet and sticky, so I kept on adding more bread flour (about extra 3/4 to 1 cup total). Also, I added a little more sugar and butter, hoping for a sweeter and more buttery taste.

Difference between pai pau #1 and pai pau #2? Well, these two versions both yields soft breads, but I think pai pau #1 weighs more (heavier feel on hand) and a little more chewy texture. Pai pau #2 seems to have a fluffier and lighter texture. I voted pai pau #2 over #1. Luckily the bread starter recipes yields 4 portions and can be frozen, which means making pai pau in the next three times will be a breeze.

Pai Pau 排包 #2

Pai Pau 排包 #2

Pai Pau 排包 #2-- a close up look of shreddably crumb.

Pai Pau 排包 #2-- a close up look of shreddable crumb.

Pai Pau 排包 #2 Recipe (makes 8 rows)

2 1/2 cup bread flour– see note below
1/2 tsp salt
1 1/2 tsp yeast
2 tbsp dry whole milk powder
5 tbsp sugar
120 ml milk and 1 egg combined
50 gm dough starter– about 1/4 portion of the recipe
4 tbsp unsalted butter

1 beaten egg for egg wash

Method (using a KA stand mixer):

  1. Combine bread flour, milk powder, sugar, salt and dry yeast in the stand mixing bowl. Add in remaining ingredients (except butter and egg wash). With a dough hook attached and the mixer turn on, knead the dough until it forms a dough. Drop in butter and continue to knead the dough until it doesn’t stick to the bowl and pass the “membrane” test. (pull a small piece of the dough, use two hand to stretch the dough to a very thin layer– if the layer doesn’t tear then the dough is ready to proof. Otherwise, continue kneading until it passes the test).
  2. Transfer the dough to a big bowl. Wrap the bowl and leave it on a warm spot to rest/proof until double in size.  (To speed up the resting time a little you can sit the bowl on a moist hot towel, or sit the bowl on top of a pot of hot water).
  3. Lightly knead the dough on a board a few times to punch out big air pockets trapped inside. Divide into 8 even portions. Rest for 15 minutes. Roll each pieces into a ball.  Use a rolling pin, roll out 1 pieces of dough to a oval shape. Fold 1/3 of the dough on the top towards the center. Then fold the bottom 1/3 over, on the center. Pinch to seal the edge. Roll and gently stretch the dough to 7 inches long. Repeat with the remaining pieces of dough. Place them on greased 9x13x2 baking pan. Cover with plastic wrap and let it rest till the dough almost reach the rim of the pan.
  4. Apply egg wash on top of the buns. Bake in preheated 350°F oven for 25-30 minutes until golden brown. Remove from pan and cool on a rack.
Pai Pau 排包 #2-- ready for final proofing.

Pai Pau 排包 #2-- ready for final proofing.

Dough Starter Recipe (yields about 200 gram of dough)

3/4 cup bread flour
1/4 tsp dry yeast
pinch of salt
80 ml water


Mix all ingredients together. Cover with plastic wrap and proof at a warm place for at least 2 hours (I proofed my starter for 4 hours). Divide dough starter into 4 portions. For pai pau recipe above, use only 1 portion. Extra dough starter can be wrapped individually and kept frozen. Thaw and bring back to room temperature before using.

Dough starter after mixing. See how sticky it is?

Dough starter after mixing. See how sticky it is?

Dough starter-- after proofing for 4 hours.

Dough starter-- after proofing for 4 hours.

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